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韦棣华在武昌昙华林(1899-1931) -----社会巡展武昌首展

发布者:管理员        发布时间:2013-10-18        浏览次数:2894 次

    展览名称:韦棣华在武昌昙华林(1899-1931) -----社会巡展武昌首展

  展出地点:辛亥革命博物馆(博览厅)

  主办单位:武汉市图书馆学会

  办展形式:引进

  展期:2013年10月15日——2013年10月31日

  备注:已撤除


  武昌昙华林是活的武汉近代史书,也是中国图书馆和图书馆学科的发祥地。

  1899年美国人Mary Elizabeth Wood,也称伍德小姐从美国乘船来到了中国,探望在武昌昙华林文华书院任教的弟弟韦德生(Robert.E.Wood)。韦德生给她起了一个中文名字叫“韦棣华”。在后来的30年里,曾经是图书馆管理员的韦棣华在昙华林为中国建造了第一座公共图书馆(当时称为“文华公书林”),后来又派遣她的两位学生沈祖荣和胡庆生赴美国深造学习图书馆学专业,待他们俩学成归国后共同建立了“文华图书馆学科”,并从文华大学独立出来,成立了私立武昌文华图书馆学专科学校,最终该校并入武汉大学。

  韦棣华的心愿就是让每位中国人都享有看书的权利和机会,并为此贡献了自己的一生。她终身未嫁,于1931年5月1日在武昌昙华林逝世,享年70岁。为表彰韦棣华对中国图书馆事业作出的杰出贡献,民国总统黎元洪称其为“中国现代图书馆运动之皇后”,段祺瑞政府亦颁赠“导扬文化”之匾额。“皇后”这个称号她当之无愧,“导扬文化”亦是她平生作为的写照。

  今天,我们推出此展览,以再现韦棣华无私奉献,服务中国的大爱精神,讲述她创办“文华公书林”和“文华图书馆专科学校”的奋斗过程;并以此宣传昙华林文化品牌形象。将武昌区昙华林的人文历史带出国门, 远播海内外。

  Tan hua-lin is the birth place of Chinese Library School and the first modern public Library in China. It enjoys the reputation of a living book of Chinese modern history. An American lady named Mary Elizabeth Wood, also called Miss Wood came to China by a steamship to visit her brother Robert Edward Wood in 1899. Edward gave her a Chinese name “韦棣华”shortly after she arrived in Wu chang. During the next thirty years in Tan Hua-lin Miss Wood who was a librarian built the famous Boone Library, the very first modern public library in China in 1910. She established Boone Library School ten years later.

  It is her prayer that Chinese people shall enjoys the God-given right and the opportunity to read. Miss Wood spent her entire life in China to reach this goal. Unfortunately she passed away on May 1, 1931 in Tan Hua-lin at age of 70. Mr. Lin Yuan-hong ,the President of ROC titled her with The Queen of Chinese Modern Library Movement. Mr Duan qi-rui also prized her with a wood plate saying “ to the directing and spreading civilization”.

  Today we tell this story with the hope of promoting this part of history to the ordinary Chinese people in a vivid way, and in the meanwhile, prepare the presentation overseas for the unique history of Wu Chang.


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